Blue Light-Directed Cell Migration, Aggregation, and Patterning

Our group just published the paper:

Zhang Jingyun, Luo Yuhuan and Poh Chueh Loo, Blue Light-Directed Cell Migration, Aggregation, and Patterning, Journal of Molecular Biology. First Online: 2 April 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2020.03.029

In this paper, we developed a blue light-regulated synthetic genetic circuit to control bacterial directional motility. As compared to chemically control motility, using blue light is non-invasive and is more flexible to create different prescribed patterns. The developed circuit enables the programmed Escherichia coli cells to directionally move away from the blue light (negative phototaxis). This also allows the control of cells to form aggregation with different complex patterns. Further, the blue light-inducible directional motility can also be used to separate two mixed strains.

Congratulations to Jingyun!

On 03 December 2019, Jingyun, our lab member, defended his PhD thesis, titled: "Programming microbes using synthetic biology approach to control biofilm development for continous bioproduction". Congratulations!

Congratulations to David and Hui Huang!

On 27 November 2019, David, our lab member, and Hui Huang got married. Congratulations!


Design of genetic circuits

Our group just published the book chapter:

Yeoh J.W., Gomez-Carretero S., Chee W.K.D., Teh A.Y., Poh C.L. Genetic Circuit Design Principles. In: Thouand G. (eds) Handbook of Cell Biosensors. Springer, Cham. First Online: 22 November 2019. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47405-2_171-1

This chapter aims to review the underpinning process involved in gene circuit design, with the emphasis on applying it to cell-based biosensors. Accordingly, appropriate computer-aided design tools to be used during the design and construction phases as well as modelling tools that facilitate the rational design-build-test-learn cycle will be explored. Lastly, a compilation of the common failure modes as faced by typical users and recommended potential engineering solutions is presented.

High capacity DNA storage scheme

Our group together with collaborators just published the paper:

Yixin Wang, Md Noor-A-Rahim, Jingyun Zhang, Erry Gunawan, Yong Liang Guan and Chueh Loo Poh. High capacity DNA data storage with variable-length Oligonucleotides using repeat accumulate code and hybrid mapping. Journal of Biological Engineering 13, 89 (2019).DOI: 10.1186/s13036-019-0211-2

To advance towards practical implementations of DNA storage, we proposed and tested a DNA data storage system enabling high potential mapping (bits to nucleotide conversion) scheme and low redundancy but highly efficient error correction code design. The advancement reported would move us closer to achieving a practical high-capacity DNA data storage system.


NUS iGEM team does it again! Wins Gold and more at the 2019 iGEM Giant Jamboree

Our NUS iGEM team has showcased their project, known as E.co LIVE, at the annual iGEM Giant Jamboree in Boston USA (31st Oct to 4th Nov 2019) with outstanding results! iGEM is the world largest annual synthetic biology student competition, with over 340 teams participating from universities around the world. This was NUS's and Singapore's best ever showing, where the team not only clinched a Gold Medal for the project but also went on to win two special awards - the Best Foundational Advance Project and Best Part Collection Awards. Apart from this they were also nominated for the Best Poster, Presentation, Wiki, Basic Part, Composite Part and Finalist awards. They were among the top 5 teams out of 194 undergraduate teams which participated in the competition!

This year the NUS iGEM team came up with the project to develop innovative solutions to enable the prolonged functionality of engineered bacteria, addressing the current bottleneck which limits the use of engineered bacteria to solving real-life problems, from cleaning up our environment to diagnosing diseases. Inspired by the phenomenon of hibernation, the students developed a “ON/OFF” growth switch to allow for fine control of the activity and energy consumption of the bacteria, extending their usage and thus bringing it closer to viability. Working hard throughout the year, the team demonstrated that the growth switch worked!

The team comprised of 9 highly motivated undergraduates from different faculties and disciplines, including Life Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Engineering and Architecture, working closely to achieve this outstanding results. The team was mentored by NUS faculty, Prof Poh Chueh Loo (BME), Prof Jimmy Chih-Hsien Peng (ECE), Prof Matthew Chang (Biochemistry) and Prof Yew Wen Shan (Biochemistry), along with past ex-NUS iGEMers and members at SynCTI. From left to right in the picture: Joanne Lim, Suhasini Iyer, Cheng Kai Lim, Sheena Chan, Low Xi Zhi, Song Chun Yang, Zhao Hao, Prof Jimmy Peng and Prof Poh Chueh Loo.

We are very proud of our NUS 2019 iGEM team for their outstanding work and for being sterling ambassadors of NUS. For more information about their project, please click here.

If you are inspired and want to know more about NUS iGEM team, please contact A/Prof Poh Chueh Loo at [email protected].


Farewell to Durga!

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We said farewell to Durga Srivatsan in July. Durga has worked with us for eight weeks during her SIRIUS internship. She contributed to the development of our BMSS tool. In the picture, Durga (center) with Professor Poh (left) and Jing Wui (right). All the best!


Formal Launch of the Global Biofoundry Alliance

Professor Poh took part on the formal launch of the Global Biofoundry Alliance (GBA) in Kobe (Japan) on 09 May 2019. The GBA aims to increase coordination between its members in order to foster progress in the development of synthetic biology and associated areas.

More information can be found in the associated publication and in the GBA webpage.


The BMSS tool for automatic bio-modelling

Our group just published the paper:

Jing Wui Yeoh, Kai Boon Ivan Ng, Ai Ying Teh, Jing Yun Zhang, Wai Kit David Chee, and Chueh Loo Poh. An Automated Bio-Model Selection System (BMSS) for Gene Circuit Designs. ACS Synthetic Biology. Just Accepted Manuscript. DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.8b00523

BMSS is an automated bio-model selection system for gene circuit designs that supports bio-model automated fitting and selection processes, providing a means to efficiently derive the best model candidate that could capture the transient (time-series) dynamic profiles of a bio-part or device using characterization data. This system is an open source platform. The developed Python Package BMSSlib is available for downloading from GitHub. You can also find more information in our software page.


Codification method for data storage in DNA molecules

Our group together with collaborators just published the paper:

Yixin Wang, Md Noor-A-Rahim, Erry Gunawan, Yong Liang Guan and Chueh Loo Poh. Construction of Bio-constrained Code for DNA Data Storage. IEEE Communications Letters. Early Access. DOI: 10.1109/LCOMM.2019.2912572

We propose a novel content-balanced run-length limited (C-RLL) code with an efficient code construction method, which generates short DNA sequences that satisfy both constraints at one time. Besides, we develop an encoding method to map binary data into long DNA sequences for DNA data storage, which ensures both local and global stability in terms of satisfying the biochemical constraints. The proposed encoding method has high effective code rate of 1.917 bits per nucleotide and low coding complexity.

Our research on Vibrio cholerae biosensors featured in the newspaper Lianhe Zaobao

Our research on Vibrio cholerae biosensors has just been been featured in the newspaper Lianhe Zaobao (published only in Chinese). Take a look here!


Dual-input hybrid promoters lead to reconfigurable genetic circuits

Our group just published the paper:

Premkumar Jayaraman, Jing Wui Yeoh, Jingyun Zhang, and Chueh Loo Poh. Programming the Dynamic Control of Bacterial Gene Expression with a Chimeric Ligand- and Light-Based Promoter System. ACS Synthetic Biology Article ASAP. DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.8b00280

They built two dual-input hybrid promoters where both ligand and light inputs can be synchronously modulated to achieve desired amplitude, or independently regulated to generate desired frequency at a specific amplitude. This led to the synthesis of the first reprogrammable logic gene circuit capable of reconfiguring into logic OR and N-IMPLY logic on the fly in both space and time without the need to modify the circuit.


Dr. Teh Ai Ying presented her work in Shanghai

On 15-17 October 2018, Dr. Teh Ai Ying presented her work at the Synthetic Biology – Resource Allocation in Natural and Unnatural Systems conference. Check out her work aiming to improve the production of collagen for biomedical applications!


Biofilm engineering via wcaF regulation

Our group just published the paper:

Jingyun Zhang and Chueh Loo Poh. Regulating exopolysaccharide gene wcaF allows control of Escherichia coli biofilm formation. Scientific Reports 2018, 8, 13127 (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31161-7

They developed synthetic gene circuits to control E. coli biofilm formation via the regulation of the gene wcaF, which is involved in the synthesis of colanic acid, a key polysaccharide in E. coli biofilm extracellular polymeric matrix. Combining CRISPRi/dCas9 and optogenetics, they achieved spatio-temporal control of wcaF, allowing to control biofilm thickness in time and space. Their results provide a novel technology with many applications in the field of biofilm engineering.